Dr Gyozo Molnar


Course Leader for MRes in Socio-Cultural Studies of Sport & Exercise and Principal Lecturer in Sport Studies (Sociology)


Contact Details

email: g.molnar@worc.ac.uk
tel: 01905 855024

Dr Gyozo Molnar joined University of Worcester in September 2008 with a background in the sociology of sport and exercise. His current publications and research revolve around migration, globalization, identity and empowering marginalised populations. His current research, with Dr Yoko Kanemasu, has focused on the migratory and gendered aspects of Fiji rugby and, with Dr Nancy Spencer-Cavaliere, on challenging dominant perspectives in Adapted Physical Activity research. He is co-editor of The Politics of The Olympics (2010, Routledge), Ethnographies in Sport and Exercise Research (2016, Routledge), Women, Sport and Exercise in the Asia-Pacific Region: Domination-Resistance-Accommodation (2018, Routledge) and co-writer of the Sport, Exercise and Social Theory: An Introduction (2012, Routledge). Gyozo teaches on the sociology of sport and research methods modules offered by the School and is also the course leader for MRes in the Socio-Cultural Studies in Sport and Exercise.

Key projects have included:

  • Migration and history of male Hungarian professional football players
  • Migratory trends of male Fijian rugby players
  • Socio-cultural challenges of women in post-colonial societies


  • PhD (Loughborough University)
  • MSc (Miami University, Ohio, US)
  • MPE (University of Pecs, Hungary)

Teaching and Research

Research Student Completions


Adam Benkwitz, PhD completed in 2013 (Director of Studies - Dr Gyozo Molnar): Clashing Sub-Cultures: The Rivalry Between the Fans of Aston Villa and Birmingham City Football Club

Dany Stephens, PhD completed in 2016 (Supervisor - Dr Gyozo Molnar): Cycling as serious leisure: An exploration of motivational factors, gender and consumption

Chris Faulkner, PhD completed in 2017 (Director of Studies - Dr Gyozo Molnar): Basketball players' migratory experiences and the implications for transnational basketball labour migration.

Christian Edwards, PhD completed in 2017 (Director of Studies - Dr Gyozo Molnar):A psycho-social investigation of drive for muscularity in young adult males.

Verity Postlethwaite, PhD candidate (Supervisor - Dr Gyozo Molnar): Mechanics of inspiring a generation(?): An historical, policy evaluation and educational-based critique of Olympic legacies in the post London 2012 era

John Francis , PhD candidate (Supervisor - Dr Gyozo Molnar): The impact of notational analysis, feedback and the analyst in elite wheelchair basketball


Joanne Baker, MRes completed (Director of Studies - Dr Gyozo Molnar): An Exploration of Men’s Drive for Muscularity

Mike Tyler, MRes (Director of Studies - Dr Gyozo Molnar): Sporting bodies in the Body of Christ: investigating the embodied experiences of Christian Sportsmen in the UK'

Professional Bodies

  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • Association for the Study of Sport and the European Union
  • Marxist Study of Sport Group


Peer Reviewed Articles:

Tod, D., Edwards, C., G., Molnar & Markland, D. (2016). Perceived Social Pressures and the Internalization of the Mesomorphic Ideal: The Role of Drive for Muscularity and Autonomy. Body Image. 16: 63-69.

Benkwitz, A. & Molnar, G. (2016). The Emergence and Development of Association Football: Influential Sociocultural Factors in Victorian Birmingham. Soccer and Society. Tbc.

Kanemasu, Y. & Molnar, G. (2015). Double-trouble: Negotiating Gender and Sexuality in Post-colonial Women’s Rugby. International Review for the Sociology of Sport. tbc.

Molnar, G. & Kanemasu, Y. (2014). Playing on the global periphery: Social scientific explorations of rugby in the Pacific Islands. Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science. 3(3):175-185.

Kanemasu, Y. & Molnar, G. (2014). Life after Rugby: Issues of being an ‘ex’ in Fiji rugby. The International Journal of the History of Sport. 31(11): 1389-1405.

Edwards, C., Tod, D. & Molnar, G. (2014). A Systematic Review of the Drive for Muscularity Research Area. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 7(1): 18-41.

Kanemasu, Y. & Molnar, G. (2013). Pride of the People: Fijian rugby labour migration and cultural identity. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 48(6): 720–735.

Kanemasu, Y. & Molnar, G. (2013). Problematising the dominant: the emergence of alternative cultural voices in Fiji rugby. Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science. 2(1): 14-30.

Kanemasu, Y. & Molnar, G. (2013). Collective Identity and Contested Allegiance: A Case of Migrant Professional Fijian Rugby Players. Sport in Society. 16(7): 863-882.

Benkwitz, A. & Molnar, G. (2012). Socio-cultural approaches to interpreting football rivalries. Soccer and Society. 13(4): 479-794.

Butt, J. & Molnar, G. (2009). Involuntary Career Termination in Sport: A Case Study of the Process of Structurally Induced Failure. Sport in Society. 12(2): 236-252.

Molnar, G. & Bryson, J. (2009). Enhancing processual learning: some observations on teaching research skills. The Journal of Pedagogical Research and Scholarship. 1(2): 26-33.

Soós, I., Hamar, P., Molnár, G., Biddle, S. & Sándor, I. (2008). Erdélyi tanulók fizikai aktivitásának és inaktivitásának vizsgálata EMA (Ecological Momentary Assessment) módszerrel [An Investigation into Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviours in Transylvanian Students by Using EMA (Ecological Momentary Assessment)]. Magyar Sporttudomanyi Szemle. 9(4): 20-24.

Molnar, G. & Gal, A.  (2008). A sporttal kapcsolatos migráció általános áttekintése [Sport-related Migration: A General Overview]. Magyar Sporttudomanyi Szemle. 9(3). 12-15.

Molnar, G. & Maguire, J. (2008). Hungarian Footballers on the Move:  Issues of and Observations on the First Migratory Phase. Sport in Society. 11(1): 74-89.

Molnar, G. & Maguire, J. (2007). Moving Globally, Living Locally: Identity Formation of Migrant Hungarian Professional Footballers. Football Studies.

Soos, I.; Molnar, G. & Hamar, P. (2007). Közeledjünk az „új” Európai Uniós modell felé, vagy ragaszkodjunk a „jól bevált” magyarhoz? Gondolatok a magyarországi testnevelés és szabadidosportok szocio-kulturális kihívásairól [Should We Adopt the „New” EU Model or Should We Retain the „Good-Old” Hungarian One? Preliminary Observations on the Socio-cultural Challenges in Physical Education and Leisure Activities in Hungary]. Magyar Sporttudomanyi Szemle. 8(4): 33-35.

Molnar, G. & Bryson, J. (2007). A Hands-on Approach to Learning Fundamental Research Skills. The Journal of Pedagogical Research and Scholarship. 1(1): 71-73.

Molnar, G. & Bryson, J. (2007). TLC Project Assessment Case Study: Poster. http://www.creativeassessment.org.uk/resources/Visual.asp

Molnar, G. (2007). Hungarian Football: A Socio-Historical Perspective. Sport in History. 27(2): 293-318.

Molnar, G. (2006). Mapping Migrations: Hungary Related Migrations of Professional Footballers after the Collapse of Communism. Soccer & Society. 7(4): 463-485.

Molnar, G. (2006). A Beginners’ Guide to Hungarian Football. Soccer History. 13(Winter 2005-06): 22-25.



Molnar, G. & Purdy, L. (2016) (eds.). Ethnographies in Sport and Exercise Research. Oxon: Routledge.

Molnar, G. & Kanemasu, Y. (2014) (eds.). Special Issue: Playing on the global periphery: Social scientific explorations of rugby in the Pacific Islands. -Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science. 3(3): 175-276.

Molnar, G. & Kelly, J. (2012). Sociology of Sport and Exercise: An Introduction. Oxon: Routledge.

Bairner, A. & Molnar, G. (eds.) (2010). Politics of the Olympics: A Survey. London: Routledge.


Book Chapters:     

Molnar, G. & Faulkner, C. (2016). Football Related Migrations. In Hughson, J. et al. (eds), Routledge Handbook of Football Studies. Oxon: Routledge: tbc.

Molnar, G. & Purdy, L. (2016). Introduction. In Molnar, G. & Purdy, L. (eds.), Ethnographies in Sport and Exercise Research. Oxon: Routledge.

Molnar, G. (2014). The League of Retirees: Foreigners’ Perception of Hungarian Pro Football. In Elliott, R. & Harris, J. (eds.), Football and Migration: Perspectives, places, players. Oxon: Routledge: 106 - 124.

Purdy, L., Molnar, G., Griffith, L. & Castle, P. (2014). Ilona: ‘Tweeting’ through cultural adjustments. In K. Armour (ed). Pedagogical Cases in Sport, Exercise and Physical Activity. Pearson: 222-234.

Edwards, C., Tod, D., Morrison, T. & Molnar, G. (2011). Drive For Muscularity: Current Perspectives. In D. Todd & D. Lavallee (Eds.), The Psychology of Strength and Conditioning. London: Routledge: 148-172.

Molnar, G., Doczi, T. & Gal, A. (2011). A Socio-structural Overview of Hungarian Football. In H. Gammelsæter and B. Senaux (eds.), The Organisation and Governance of Top Football Across Europe: An Institutional Perspective. London: Routledge: 253-267

Molnar, G. (2011). From the Soviet Bloc to the European Community: Migrating professional footballers in and out of Hungary. In J. Maguire M. & Falcous (eds.), Sport and Migration. London: Routledge: 56-70.

Molnar, G. (2010). Re-discovering Hungarianness: The Case of Elite Hungarian Footballers. In P. Dine & S. Crosson (eds.), Sport, Representation and Evolving Identities in Europe. Peter Lang: Witney: 239-262.


Book Reviews:

Ivan Waddington & Andy Smith, An Introduction to Drugs in Sport: Addicted to Winning? London: Routledge, 2009, Review published in The Sport & Exercise Scientist (Issue 30, Winter, 2011)

Ulrik Wagner, Rasmus K. Storm & John Hoberman (Eds.), Observing Sport: Modern System Theoretical Approaches. Schondorf: Hofmann-Verlag, 2010, Review published in Sport in Society (2011)

Stephen Wagg and David L. Andrews (eds.), East Plays West: Sport and the Cold War. London: Routledge, 2007, Review published in Sport in History (Issue 28(1): 200-203).

Chris Hallinan & John Hughson (eds.), Sporting Tales: Ethnographic Fieldwork Experiences. Australian Society for Sports History Studies in Sports History. No. 12 (Kwick Kopy Printing Centre, North Sydney NSW, 2001). Review published in British Society of Sport History Bulletin (Issue 25, Summer/Autumn, 2007: 47-49)

Pierre Lanfranchi & Matthew Taylor, Moving with the Ball: the Migration of Professional Footballers, Oxford, Berg, 2001, Review published in Sport in History (Vol. 26, No. 1, 2006: 175-177)


Media Exposure:

Radio interview on football violence, BBC Herefordshire & Worcestershire, 2013.

Life after Rugby: Fiji’s “Disposable Heroes”? Mai Life, issue no. 98, July 2015.

Playing in the Shadows: A Story of Women’s Rugby in Fiji Mai Life, issue no. 99, August 2015.