Below is a list of some of the major fellowships offered and the appropriate links:
AHRC Fellowships - Value: up to £120,000; Duration: 3-9 months; Deadline: Open.
BBSRC David Philips Fellowships - tenable for 5 years; pays salary plus research expenses; open to scientists with 2-6 years of postdoctoral experience; applications once a year closing in Sep.
British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowships - tenable for 3 years, normally from Sep-Oct; pays salary costs plus limited research expenses plus mentor's costs, estates and indirect costs; application is a two-stage process with outline submission by Oct with those who pass this initial stage being asked for a full application by end of the following Feb; host institution is expected to support fellow with a departmental mentor, with research facilities and accommodation; in return the fellow may engage in some teaching and administration.
British Academy/Leverhulme Trust Senior Research Fellowships - tenable for 1 year; pay salary costs of replacement lecturer; provide established scholars with a period of research leave to finish a major piece of research; application once a year closing in Oct.
British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship Scheme - These Fellowships are covered under the Full Economic Costing (FEC) regime, but the Academy’s contribution to the salary of the Mid-Career Fellow will be capped at an upper limit of £80,000. It is not expected that the total value of an award will exceed £160,000 (BA contribution to FEC). Awards can be held over a minimum of 6 months and a maximum of 12 months, beginning in the autumn of 2012. Next closing date Nov 2011.
Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowships - tenable for 2-3 years; pays 50% of salary up to £23,000 plus up to £6000 research expenses; open to those who have not yet held a full-time established academic post in a UK university or comparable UK institution and who had their doctoral viva not more than 5 years from the application closing date; Deadline: Mar 2012.
Leverhulme Research Fellowships - Value: up to £45,000; Duration: 3-24 months; Deadline: Nov 2011
NERC Postdoctoral Research Fellowships - tenable for up to 3 years; pays salary plus some research expenses; normally aimed at those with 1-5 years postdoctoral experience who do not hold a permanent academic post; applications once a year closing in Nov.
NERC Advanced Research Fellowships - tenable for up to 5 years; pays salary plus some research expenses; open to those with at least 2 years of postdoc experience; applications once a year closing in Nov
Royal Society University Research Fellowships - tenable for 5 years with possibility of extenmsion for 3-5 years; pays 80% salary, estates and indirect costs plus research expenses (up to £13000 for first year and £11000 thereafter); open to postdoc candidates in the eraly to mid stages of their career who have not held a permament academic post and who are an EU citizen or have a relevant connection to the EU; application once a year closing in Nov.