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Business Module Descriptions

Short Module Descriptors – Undergraduate Business Year 1

Business Challenge
This module introduces you to the key business-world skills. You will organise and execute a live project for a charity (‘the Charity Challenge’). You will acquire and develop vital skills including communicating with clients, colleagues and the public; information searching; critical analysis for decision making; managing projects; quantitative analysis using spreadsheet software; team work; presenting; report writing and evaluation methodologies.
Sample assessment: Project portfolio

Business Viability: Financial & Economic Perspectives
This module explores key accounting and financial concepts needed to ensure business viability. It examines the differing nature of accounting information from internal and external perspectives and introduces you to key microeconomic concepts including supply and demand analysis and market structures. At the macroeconomic level, you will be introduced to the objectives and instruments of economic policy, along with the main schools of economic thought such as Keynesianism and market-orientated supply-side economics.
Sample assessment: Business plan

Marketing & Management Perspectives
Run your own business as part of a team and compete against other students with prizes for the most successful business. Lectures are provided on-line through slides, mp3 files and supported by web links and articles. Feedback is continuous and available in various formats, including skype and webinars. This module focuses on application and collaborative working and helps you to develop skills in communication, team working and decision making.
Sample assessment: Business report

Business Law
This module provides a practical and accessible framework to understand the basic legal principles underpinning business law. The module begins with an insight into the English Legal System covering the court system and human rights. You are introduced to the law of obligations (contract law and tort), which provides the structure within which individuals and businesses operate. You are equipped to tackle the key areas of the law which individuals and business professionals must understand – employment law and company law (including insolvency). You will also cover ethics and corporate governance and specific aspects of the criminal law such as ‘whistle-blowing’.
Sample assessment: Explanatory report

Introduction to Management Accounting
This module provides you with a solid grounding in all aspects of management accounting, including the importance of cost behaviour and different cost accounting techniques such as marginal and absorption costing. You will develop skills in analysis and interpretation of numbers for decision-making purposes.
Sample assessment: Profitability calculation

Introduction to Financial Accounting
This module covers the nature and role of accounting and the processes used to record and present accounting information. You will prepare company financial statements, including statements of financial position, profit or loss, and other comprehensive income and cash flows for single entities. The module will enable you to evaluate, analyse and discuss financial performance.
Sample assessment: Exam

Creative Communications: Ideas & Impacts
This module provides a practical introduction to advertising, its role in business and its place in the marketing mix. You will explore a variety of current trends including advertising impact and consumer segments, creativity, advertising and society, the message, awareness of the relationship between the client, the agency, the consumer, and the media involved, as well as ethical and regulatory considerations. The module is participative, involving constant feedback and progressive assessment, building upon knowledge gained every week in a fun and interactive way.
Sample assessment: Portfolio

Web & E-business
This module introduces you to the practical aspects of designing and developing applications (such as web and interactive media). You will review the different technologies, and the legal and managerial aspects, which firms can use to exploit current and emerging internet technologies and enhance business operations and opportunities. You will develop skills such as web authoring, image processing, electronic marketing, social networking usage and shopping cart design.
Sample assessment: Creation of linked web pages to client requirements

Quantitative Methods for Accounting and Finance

Many careers in accounting and finance require a strong grounding in mathematics and excel therefore this module will include a range of mathematical and statistical methods which are used during academic research and by accounting and finance professionals, including the use of spreadsheets to analyse data. This module will also introduce important academic skills which will be valuable to students throughout their studies and provide a basis for lifelong learning.

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Short Module Descriptors – Undergraduate Business Year 2

Business Ethics
Ethical issues are an increasing concern for organisations, impacting on the way that they produce and market goods and services and the manner in which they deal with their employees. Managers face demands for speed, efficiency and value, which must be weighed against the implications of their actions for widely-defined groups of stakeholders. This module introduces you to ethical theories and current ethical concerns, and encourages you to evaluate your own courses of action in relation to organisational ethical dilemmas.
Sample assessment: Briefing paper

Business Research
This module introduces you to the various research methodologies used in business research. You will be introduced to different types of data collection (quantitative and qualitative) and different data sources (primary and secondary). You will develop practical skills in analytics software (e.g. SPSS), and quantitative and qualitative analysis to make effective business decisions and recommendations. With sessions that combine ‘real’ business dilemmas, with academic best practice and practical skills, this module equips you to collect invaluable business insight.
Sample assessment: Research brief

Business Sustainability
This module explores the linkages between ecological and social systems and the business environment, and examines the opportunities and risks for organisations of all types and sizes in both modern industrial and industrialising economies. Using practical examples of contemporary business practice, research evidence and case studies, you will investigate the varying changes that businesses are making to respond to the drive for sustainability and corporate responsibility.
Sample assessment: Pressure response report

Creative Problem Solving
In this module you will study creative management and the characteristics of creative leaders, teams and organisations. You will learn techniques for developing these creative skills. You will consider the importance of perception and how this is coloured by past experiences. You will also undertake activities to understand the importance of personality styles, and team and innovation roles, in the effective management of organisations. This module emphasises the importance of ‘doing’, and you will be encouraged to create and develop your own style and approach to managerial problem-solving.
Sample assessment: Case study report

Work Based Learning
This module is relevant for you if you are undertaking work activities alongside your studies, or in community-based activity. It helps to develop your employability and key skills through your exposure to work experience (paid or voluntary). You will be supported via distance learning, formal workshops and peer coaching groups, as appropriate. You will need to submit a 200-word Initial Proposal and a completed Health & Safety Checklist to proceed to this module.
Sample assessment: Reflective account

Commercial Law
This module builds on the some of the key ‘private law’ aspects of business law, most notably contract law, tort, company law and employment law. It offers a detailed understanding of law designed to regulate the conduct of individuals or companies. You will examine the major doctrines of these aspects of the law, together with practical issues, such as the insolvency of individuals and companies, in an everyday business context.
Sample assessment: Briefing paper

Preparing for Placement
This module provides a framework to explore your career options, and develop some of the skills necessary to manage your career in the 21st century. You will practise skills and attributes such as self-reliance, self-awareness and effective self-promotion, as well as the communication skills needed to be effective in a range of career management situations. You will be able to use these skills to search for and secure a sandwich placement for the following academic year.
Sample assessment: Assessment centre (including mock interview)

Leadership Principles & Practice
This is an engaging module in which you will learn how to develop your leadership skills and acumen. Effective leadership is deconstructed conceptually, theoretically and in practice in order to advance your leadership thinking, confidence and competence. You will have the opportunity to participate in leadership development activities, be coached, and to become the change you want to see in others.
Sample Assessment: Group presentation and poster display.

Micro & Macro Economics
This module explores key concepts such as the behaviour of various cost and revenue curves in the short and long run, and the output and prices predicted in different market structures. You are introduced to the main types of market failure and how these may be addressed by the intervention of government policy. You will also develop an understanding of economic policy and the performance of the British economy, and analyse the changing role of the state and the market from a theoretical and historical perspective.
Sample assessment: Exam

Europe’s Economies
This module considers the significant differences in economic performance of countries across Europe. It examines the idea that some economies fell behind while others caught up and achieved a high standard of living. The module is in part historical in that it deals with the planned and mixed economies that developed after the 2nd World war, the development of the EU, the collapse of communism and the transition to the market economy which led to a widening of the EU. You will examine the role of the state and the market (e.g. Rhine capitalism) and be brought right up to date with a consideration of the current economic performance of individual economies and future visions for Europe’s development.
Sample assessment: Country report.

Operations, Project & Risk Management
As markets become increasingly competitive, it is paramount that organisations manage operations and projects in order to deliver products and services cost-effectively, on time, and at the right quality. You will learn the underpinning principles of effective project management and how to write and present a project plan, as well as how to use different tools, such as Microsoft Project, to manage tasks and resources. You will experience initiating, planning, executing and controlling a project, and managing a project team, through running a ‘live’ project.
Sample assessment: Group project and presentation.

Customer Behaviour & Decision Making
The module invites you to engage in real-life projects and situations. You will use academic theories and concepts to reflect on your own consumption behaviours and decisions. You will be introduced to customer behaviour psychology (e.g. rationality, involvement), and how customer behaviours impact on organisations. You will consider the impacts on customer behaviours and decisions from individual, group and socio-cultural influences and from the retail environment (on-line, off-line).
Sample assessment: Reflective journal

Contemporary Marketing Communications
This module introduces you to the emerging concepts, dynamic processes, and shifting paradigms that are shaping, influencing, and dramatically altering the way traditional marketing and communications processes are carried out in the contemporary world. The module specifically focuses on the emerging nature of current and futuristic technologies and their influence in altering marketing practices in a convergent world.
Sample assessment: Marketing communications plan

Selling & Sales Management
This module provides you with a thorough grounding in the techniques of personal selling, and the practice of sales management in the achievement of business objectives. It uses highly interactive, practical, and engaging workshop sessions to examine the role and the skills required for effective personal selling within the context of an integrated marketing communications strategy in a business-to-business (B2B) context.
Sample assessment: 15-minute individual presentation.

International Marketing
This module considers the challenges and opportunities of marketing in a globalised world. You will explore the similarities and differences of marketing structures, functions, and processes related to different socio-cultural and political-economic environments across markets. You will also study the impacts of technological shifts on marketing, the evolving nature of consumer behavioural influences, and the idiosyncrasies of marketing tactics when applied to an international context.
Sample Assessment: Evaluative report for an international business organization of your choice.

Financial & Management Accounting
This module investigates the basic processes by which accounts are constructed, drawn up, presented and reported. You will explore a wide range of analytical techniques used to investigate the three key financial statements, alongside the management accounting processes and techniques which assist stakeholders’ decision making.
Sample assessment: Exam

Taxation
Efficient and effective financial management requires an understanding of the UK taxation system in order to plan taxation expenditure to minimise financial burden. This module covers the design and purpose of the UK taxation system from personal and corporate taxation perspectives. You will explore the consequences for sole traders as they grow their firm, capital gains, inheritance tax and other tax considerations.
Sample assessment: Advisory report to new business start-up owner.

Advertising: Influence & Persuasion
Learn the psychology of how advertising persuades us to spend money on brands. This module moves from Packard’s ‘Hidden Persuaders’ to modern cognitive theory. As well as developing a management plan, the module allows you to choose 5 from 8 portfolio tasks which you will use to build an advertising blog. Feedback is continuous and you will also work on ‘live’ projects.
Sample assessment: Group pitch

Public Relations & Campaigning
This module introduces you to the discipline of PR and helps you to develop the skills needed to work in the PR industry. You will obtain an insight into the techniques used to write news releases, organise events and photo shoots, and design newsletters. You will learn to apply these skills in the context of planned communication management processes, and consider and design PR programmes.
Sample assessment: Portfolio of PR Artefacts

Entrepreneurship & Small Business Management
This module develops an understanding of the techniques and skills required to achieve success in the highly-competitive entrepreneurship and small-business-management sector. You will consider the role of entrepreneurial innovation in developing unique products and methods of service delivery. You will also learn key business planning skills; how managing in an SME environment is different to that of a large organisation; how to monetise a commercial idea; and how to create social value through the establishment of both commercial and social enterprises.
Sample assessment: Group business plan

Managing HR and Performance
This module explores how organisations and individual managers can improve and maintain organisational performance. It analyses high-performance work practices and the links to achieving competitive advantage. You will consider people-management policies, practices and strategies. Teaching and assessment focuses on exploring and solving contemporary issues for HR managers and line managers across the organisation.
Sample assessment: Review of HRM practice with recommendations for improvement.

E-business
This module develops skills and knowledge in the ever-growing area of digital and online business. It is critical that businesses now have an effective online business site to market their products and have the ability to sell online. This module introduces you to various aspects of running an online business from a ‘business’ and ‘technical’ perspective. You will also learn how information technology can help businesses function effectively in the areas of marketing, finance and human resources.
Sample assessments: Build your own ecommerce site. Build your own video marketing or social media app.

Business Accounting Systems
This module examines the transition from hand-written accounting systems to computerised ones. Industry leading Sage™ accounting software will be used in a hands-on computer environment to examine and develop a business accounting system for a case study business. This will be underpinned by a firm grasp of both hand written double-entry bookkeeping and its application within the computerised environment.
Sample Assessment: Software reparation of financial report

Social Media
This module explores techniques and best practice for the planning, management and evaluation of social media platforms to make the most of internet customer communications. Topics covered include: evolution and various types of social media (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube), issues and future trends with social media, ethical and legal issues.
Sample Assessment: Design of a marketing campaign using various social media tools

Introduction to Information Systems (new addition)
This module provides an introduction to types of information systems, why they are used and how they are procured and developed. You will explore user issues, managing change, societal impact, and ethical, risk-management and legal issues relevant to information systems management and usage.
Sample Assessment: Production of a system specification.

Integrated Marketing Project Delete this entry
New module currently under development.

Marketing Research
New module currently under development.

Information Systems
New module currently under development.

Management Accounting
This module deals with the tools and techniques that generate information needed to evaluate and control present and projected performance. Key areas such as forecasting and budgets recognise uncertainty. The budgeting topic can then be used with costing systems to evaluate actual performance. Both budgeting and forecasting emphasise the critical importance of optimising cash flow.

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Financial Reporting
A professional accountant is required to construct and analyse complex financial statements, satisfying the needs of stakeholders, in respect of strategic financial analysis and the provision of appropriate financial information. The increasingly complex nature of the accounting regulatory framework requires the accounting professional to be familiar with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). This module therefore introduces more complex areas of IFRS and financial reporting, focusing on the requirements of complex, larger organisations. The concept of acquisition accounting is introduced, covering basic consolidation adjustments and acquisitions of subsidiaries part way through the year.

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Financial Markets, Trading and lnvestment

This module will introduce capital markets, the participants in these markets and an application of the efficient market hypothesis. lt will provide students an overview of derivatives and explore derivative pricing and trading. The second half of the module will focus on designing, managing and evaluating the performance of an investment portfolio, where students will be required to apply portfolio theory in a virtual trading environment to maximise the performance of their investment portfolio.

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Short Module Descriptors – Undergraduate Business Year 3

Business Project
This module presents you with the freedom and challenge of researching a business issue of your choice. You can choose which data collection methods to use, and which type of data to collect. Maybe you would like to conduct interviews, focus groups or a survey with employees or consumers? Or, maybe you would like to collect secondary data by obtaining financial statements or economic reports from an organisation, industry or region? With one-to-one support from a tutor who will guide you through this module, you have the chance to learn research and analysis skills, invaluable to the world of work.
Sample Assessment: 8000-word project based on secondary or primary sources.

Enhancing Organisations & Employability
This module provides an opportunity to investigate an organisation, and recommend how it could survive and thrive in today’s volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous environment. You will be introduced to a range of models to analyse the organisation, and develop proposals for implementing appropriate changes.
Sample Assessment: Diagnostic report including change management recommendations.

International Business Strategy
This module introduces you to what strategy is, and what it can achieve with reference to organisational development, competitive positioning and resource management. You will also consider the volatility of the international environment, driven by the forces of globalisation. Classes are a carefully-balanced blend of presentations, short exercises, film, and cases studies. There is a keen emphasis on turning theory into practice. The module affords perspectives which can support preparation for graduate-level job interviews.
Sample Assessment: Exam

Intercultural Perspectives
Intercultural Perspectives challenges you as an individual, often turning your existing viewpoints upside down. How might you manage a situation which in another person’s mind means the opposite of what you know to be "truth"? Once an organisation has a website it is operating in a global market, opening up opportunities and confusions which emerge as you trade across cultures. We help you to develop solutions to problems to be successful in international management.
Sample Assessment: Tracking cultural conceptions.

International Business Project
This module presents you with the freedom to select a global business of your choice, and two countries in which it operates. You will develop evidence-based recommendations on how the business should adapt or implement policies/processes relating to a particular business function (e.g. HR, Finance, Marketing), whilst also demonstrating cultural and economic awareness of the two countries, and knowledge of the business and the wider industry. With one-to-one support from a tutor who will guide you through this module, you have the chance to learn research and analysis skills, invaluable to the world of work.
Sample Assessment: 6000-word project

Work Based Learning
This module is relevant for you if you are undertaking work activities alongside your studies, or in community-based activity. It helps to develop your employability and key skills through your exposure to work experience whether in paid or voluntary work. You will be supported via distance learning, formal workshops and peer coaching groups, as appropriate. You will need to submit a 200-word Initial Proposal and a completed Health & Safety Checklist to proceed to this module.
Sample assessment: Reflective account

Collaborative leadership: From ego to eco
Global changes (e.g. bio-technology, demographics, social media, eco-concerns) demand innovative and adaptive leadership. Increasingly there isn't a need for a lone leader; but for collective and shared leadership, where different leaders emerge in different situations. New core skills include self-leadership, the ability to develop networks, creative collaboration, and convening large groups. This module will develop the knowledge and skills to make a real difference in this changing world.
Sample assessment: Presentation on collaborative leadership.

Economics for Business
This module develops your understanding of microeconomic and macroeconomic concepts, and of business organisations and the environments in which they operate. You will explore how different theoretical perspectives help to gain a deeper appreciation of contemporary economic issues. For instance, merger activity might be explained by the desire to increase market power, rationalisation or managerial theories of the firm. At the macroeconomic level, you will use an historical and comparative perspective to evaluate different economic systems and how they have performed.
Sample Assessment: Exam

Managing Emerging Issues
This module explores the challenges faced by management in the modern business setting. You will consider how business and management practices are evolving, and how managers can effectively respond to the emerging influences of sustainability, Corporate Social Responsibility, globalisation, new technology, etc. These themes are investigated through the use of practical examples of contemporary business practice, research evidence and case studies.
Sample Assessment: Group presentation and lead discussion.

Strategic Marketing
This module looks at the way in which organisations make longer-term strategic decisions and tests some of the historical and more up-to-date models that have been devised to explain and facilitate long-term planning. You will explore techniques for identifying and implementing contemporary marketing strategies and consider the extent to which customers do, and should, feature at the centre of organizational planning.
Sample Assessment: Strategic Marketing report.

Brand Management
This module considers how and why organisations go about creating and managing brands. You will explore how customers use brands to help define their own identity, and how organisations exploit that by creating adverts and other marketing and communications tools. You will also look beyond business to study charities, sport teams, celebrities and politicians. Sessions are highly interactive and visual.
Sample Assessment: Brand portfolio.

International Marketing
This module introduces you to the challenges of marketing in a shrinking and more diverse world. You will consider the extent to which firms need to modify their marketing activities to different markets via a carefully balanced blend of presentations, short exercises, film, and cases studies of world-famous organisations enabling you to apply relevant theory in a business-focused and practical way. Case studies are a vital aspect of the module and of the final assessment. The module offers many opportunities to develop the cross-cultural skills and understanding which are increasingly sought by employers of business graduates.
Sample Assessment: Evaluative report for an international business organization of your choice.

Strategic Accounting & Financial Management
Financial managers develop the means to maximise income on behalf of shareholders. This module develops advanced management accounting tools for use within strategic decision-making in business management. You will explore the corporate finance strategies and funding options that facilitate companies at various stages of growth, from sole trader to the large international plc. You will learn about the UK capital markets and corporate growth and survival strategies, including restructuring, takeovers and mergers.
Sample Assessment: Corporate finance report

Financial Reporting
This module develops your appreciation of how the professional accountant and financial manager are required to construct financial statements, within a legal framework. You will consider the need to provide strategic financial analysis and appropriate financial information to satisfy the needs of legitimate stakeholders. You will become familiar with international accounting standards requirements via a study of areas such as group accounts, foreign exchange translation, mergers and acquisitions and operational segments.
Sample Assessment: Exam.

International Banking and Finance
The 2007-09 financial crisis was the largest-ever within corporate history – what caused it!? International capital markets are interlinked operationally, and the players subject to significant pressures to maximise investment returns within a competitive environment. You will develop your understanding of the nature of these markets, the key players and their respective competitive positions. You will explore the nature of corporate investment in an international context, as well as how to develop return-maximisation strategies and mitigate global business risk.
Sample Assessment: Exam.

IFRS for SMEs
This module enables you to understand the regulatory and conceptual framework that underpins the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), and to apply the detailed provisions of the IFRS to prepare IFRS-compliant financial statements and related disclosures. Specific topics covered include deferred tax, intangible assets, provisions and contingencies, impairment review and leased assets.
Sample Assessment: Report on impact of accounting standards.

Audit & Ethics
This module addresses ethical issues faced by auditors and enables students to obtain a critical understanding of the role of audit in ensuring the accountability of organisations to their stakeholders. It provides a foundation for students to understand the principles of auditing, striking a balance between theory and practice. Auditing theory will be applied to real life situations experienced by organisations. The module covers the audit process including acceptance, planning (risk assessment, materiality), internal control, analytical procedures, substantive testing, completion and the audit report. Included in this will be the evaluation of internal controls, audit evidence and a review of the financial statements.
Sample Assessment: Evaluation report.

Contemporary Advertising: Apps, Guerrillas, Viral and More
You will explore a contemporary development in advertising in considerable depth, producing a comprehensive, well-researched, synthesised and articulated argument relating to that development. You will develop investigative skills, and keep abreast of current developments through regular reading of ‘breaking’ stories. This is a dynamic module which introduces you to the fast pace of ‘real world’ advertising and media.
Sample Assessment: Seminar paper

Advertising Campaign
This module allows you to take a creative concept from initial planning to final execution, including the opportunity to submit work to the Design & Art Directors national New Blood awards as part of your assessment. You will develop a plan to reposition or brand-extend an existing product, and build a portfolio of blog tasks with a choice of assessment. The module will help you develop your skills in research, problem solving, creative thinking and planning.
Sample Assessment: Group campaign proposal and presentation.

Spin Doctors, Lobbyists & Other Hidden Persuaders
This module casts a light on the techniques and strategies deployed by Public Relations practitioners. You will reflect on the power and limitations of perception management techniques to shape the public discourse, contribute to current popular protest movements and lend legitimacy to entrenched institutional hierarchies. You will consider how ethical questions help us discern similarities and differences between PR and propaganda, and how PR practitioners operate in the promotional industries. Guest speakers and case studies demonstrate how PR makes a difference to the bottom line and changes the society we live in.
Sample Assessment: Analytical report

Innovation & Intrapreneurship
This module investigates some of the most recently-developed techniques for managing innovation. It provides a practical insight into the methods that allow the development of an innovation culture, such as creative climates, and the procedures for developing ongoing and continuous change. You will consider the role of the `intrapreneur` (Corporate Entrepreneur) and the critical role that they play in the sustainable competitive advantage of modern corporations. You will also explore the different sources of business ideas and the types of innovation strategies used to enhance performance.
Sample Assessment: Innovation audit.

Strategic Challenges of HRM
This module explores the strategic challenges presented by the external and internal environments of organisations, (eg globalisation and changing labour markets), and explores how HR might respond, (eg flexible working and workplace equal opportunities). You will debate the roles of HR managers, trade unions, and other parties in the employment relationship, and assess different approaches to managing the relationships and potential conflicts between them.
Sample Assessment: Employee relations report.

E-business
This module develops skills and knowledge in the ever-growing area of digital and online business. It is critical that businesses now have an effective online business site to market their products and have the ability to sell online. This module introduces you to various aspects of running an online business from a ‘business’ and ‘technical’ perspective. You will also learn how information technology can help business function effectively in the areas of marketing, finance, human resources.
Sample assessments: Build your own ecommerce site. Build your own video marketing or social media app.

Services Marketing
With a focus on contemporary and emerging issues in services marketing, this module examines the ways in which service organisations create and deliver services both to, and with, their customers. There is a particular emphasis on the need to integrate the human resource, marketing and operations functions in marketing services.
Sample Assessment: Service Observation Diary.

Strategic Business Improvement
This module will provide the knowledge and skills to produce a business improvement plan in a strategic context. You will learn that a “one-size fits all” approach to strategy formulation is no longer suitable in a dynamic business environment with a variety of business models. The creation and distribution of information and knowledge has never been so influential in creating and sustaining competitive advantage.
Sample Assessment: Development of a small e-commerce site

Marketing for the Digital Age (new addition)
This up-to-the minute module covers a major new area in marketing practice. You will analyse the rise of the digital customer, how new digital business models are changing marketing, and the conceptual underpinnings of the subject. You will take away a managerial toolkit for the development and evaluation of the digital marketing mix, digital relationship contexts and control mechanisms. Assessment is by coursework built around formative engagement among peers in and out of class.
Sample Assessment: Digital Brand Evaluation Report

Advanced Financial Reporting (new addition)
This module will expand students understanding of the more complex areas of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) introduced at level 5. It also introduces the more complex areas of IFRS such as financial instruments, foreign currency transactions and share based payments. This module builds on basic consolidation knowledge, covering more complex group structures, including associates, together with introducing more complex consolidation adjustments.

Advanced Management Accounting (new addition)
This module draws upon previous knowledge of management accounting and assesses different approaches to performance management. This module looks at contemporary techniques to cost accounting such as JIT and TQM. You will be expected to evaluate performance and recommend improvements to close any strategic gap that may incur by internal and external factors. You will need to be able to compare scenarios and compare long term aims to short term aims.

lnternational Banking & Finance

This module initially studies the purpose, framework & operations of retail and investment banking. lt provides both a sound understanding of, and aids business decision making in relation to, modern banking organisations. Secondly the module examines in some detail the methods and techniques by which international finance is facilitated. Strategic decisions will be explored in the context of the international institutions and regulations that function in this field.

Corporate Reporting and Performance Management

This module focuses on developing advanced financial and management accounting tools to a sophisticated Ievel where they are appropriate for use within strategic decision making in business management. The professional accountant and financial manager is required to both construct, within a legal framework, and analyse complex financial statements. They must be able to satisfy the needs of legitimate stakeholders, in respect of both strategic financial analysis and the supply of appropriate financial information, hence facilitating evidence-based decision making.